The overnight eruption of Java island's Mount Kelud has triggered the evacuation of 100,000 people, but just what causes such volatile activity? The eruption of Mount Kelud in 2014 was the largest in the modern era. The 13 February 2014 eruption of Mount Kelud, Indonesia, had an estimated MER of ~ 10 7 kg s − 1 (Maeno et al., 2019) and is considered to be a typical case of an intermediate eruption. Earlier this month, at least 17 people were killed when Mount Sinabung volcano erupted in North Sumatra. As reported on 24 February 2014 in the Jakarta Globe (Pitaloka, 2014), "torrential rain in East Java on 23 February 2014 prompted local officials to impose a safety curfew over some areas affected by the eruption of Mount Kelud for fear that rainwater could mix with volcanic dust, triggering mud flows." Apart from East Java and Central Java, the eruption of Mount Kelud caused ash rain that flew to West Java. In 1990, an eruption killed more than 30 people and injured hundreds. The city of Yogyakarta, central Java, received approximately 50 mm of fine ashfall from the 13 February 2014 eruption of Kelud volcano in east Java. YEU: Sitrep #3: Mount Kelud Eruption Emergency Assistance 02 Jan 2015 Indonesia IFRC: Indonesia: Volcanic Eruption – Mt Kelud DREF Operation n° MDRID009 - Final report 30 Jul 2014 Fri 14 Feb 2014 04.43 EST First published on Fri 14 Feb 2014 04.43 EST. Kelud is among about 130 active volcanoes in Indonesia. ... Feb. 14, 2014. Water Supply. Feb. 14, 2014: A man watches from Mbaladak village in Blitar, East Java, Indonesia, as Mount Kelud erupts. Photo: Residents are transported on a truck during a mass evacuation of Kediri in East Java province on February 14, 2014 following the eruption of Mount Kelud volcano. The last Kelud eruption was in 1990, killing more than 30 people and injured hundreds. Mount Kelud, long known for its powerful eruptions, blasted ash and debris 12 miles into the air. 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