Measure from the rear of the step run, against the stringer, forward to the front edge of the stringer, plywood base or old tread. Add 1 inch for a lip, or omit if you plan to use nosing trim. In this article on “Stair Treads – How to Install”. Never force a tread or riser into place. After the stringers are attached, install the stair treads and risers. Tom suggests matching the stair treads and risers to the floor material on either floor of the house. Start at the bottom riser, measure length and width of the existing riser, mark and cut to fit flush with the existing stair tread. Finish with the risers, attached similarly. Read our full disclosure statement here. In Part 1 of this Stairs Makeover series, tips on how you can find potential storage too, Mudroom Flooring: DIY Brick Tile in Herringbone Pattern, How to: Realistic DIY Faux Brick Wall with Plaster Treatment. Fitting the Stair Tread: a. Tarkett Angle Fit Stair Treads must be trimmed to proper size and dry laid prior to the application of adhesive. Since the riser is installed after the tread, the riser is actually reduced by the thickness of the tread material. If you’re going to do a painted riser vs. exposed wood – you can just buy the tread and use a cheaper material for the riser. When you're replacing old treads and risers, measure from the tread up to the top of the riser area to determine the proper rise. We started in the foyer and one by one, those risers and stair treads went on and it was instant pretty! Treads and risers install should start at the bottom step.First the riser and then the tread.However, on the tread you leave a 1/4 inch gap on the back edge and then install the next riser.Your riser should be at least 1/2" thick and the tread no less than 1" thick. Install, one at a time, in the proper position according to the numbering. A larger tread may make climbing them a bit more comfortable? icons to determine the best calculator to use for your stairs. Installing each tread begins with installing the riser above it. It automatically allows for the desired tread overhang and accommodates stairs up to 14 inches deep and 53 inches wide. I read they should be 11″ …by extending the threads will they be less steep? Sand and finish each piece. Pro Tip – Expect to use a tube of adhesive per riser and stair tread. Your email address will not be published. No Space for a Mudroom? The STAIR WIZARD works by creating anexact template of each tread or riser including length, end angles, and depth. Glue and nail the riser in place. Stringers are not always visible, but can be seen on stairs with open sides. Cut off any existing bullnose flush with the riser of the stair (providing the dimension change does not violate local building codes) (Fig. Building stairs is easy when it’s a straight shot from the bottom to top. Stringer: A stair stringer is a structural member that supports the treads and risers of a staircase. Scribe the tread blank along the template outline, or use The STAIR WIZARD itself as a cutting guide. Screw the balusters into the floor. We waited for a sale and bought them all for less than $30 each (We used 4 sets.) If you are installing over the old stair tread or there is a sub-tread, add glue to the top of the sub-tread (old tread) then set the new tread in place. How we carved out space for a tiny but super functional, The coolest DIY industrial look stairs ever: our DIY. Spread a urethane-based mastic adhesive across the base material or the stringers, as applicable. Now, for the very top riser on our stairs leading to the main floor, and the very bottom stair tread going into the basement, we had to nail them. Easy tips to design your own logo for personalized wall art. Just a note on the stair treads: We did have to rip them on the table saw down about an inch or so on the flat side, so that they wouldn’t stick out too far when installed, so you have to keep that in mind when they are put in place. Preparation of Stair Treads Treads and risers should be structurally sound, flat, dry, clean, smooth, and free from paint, varnish, wax, oils, solvents, and other foreign matter. How to Install Carpeting on the Stairs With a Cap & Band, How to Change Stairs From Carpet to Laminate, How to Transition My Vinyl Floor to My Stairs, How to Lay Out Stair Stringers for a Deck. Required fields are marked *. But cheap is never what we’re after with our projects. We may earn a commission on purchases made after clicking links on this page. Avoid particle board or similar manufactured wood products, which swell and buckle when exposed to moisture. The skirt is basically a piece of trim used to cover the structural section of the stairs. How do you install wood flooring on stairs? Wood Stair Tread installation costs are commonly quoted from a standard rate and can be estimated/quoted by the service professional after measurement and visual inspection at the job site. Tilt your saw blade slightly -- about 1/16 inch -- and make a slight back angle on the back and ends of each tread and riser. Alternatively, cut each piece yourself on a table saw. Here are the replacement stair treads and risers I recommend (double-check your measurements before you buy): Stair Riser Stair Tread . Buy retro treads, stair treads, risers, and other stair parts for your staircase project, direct from the manufacturer. Making the treads bigger will not change the angle of the steps. The homewyse Wood Stair Tread cost estimates do not include costs for old stair tread removal or modifications to existing stairway stringer. Karie Fay earned a Bachelor of Science in psychology with a minor in law from the University of Arkansas at Monticello. Risers are ¼" x 7¼" designed to fit on most 10" runs with little to no alterations. It is important to note that every tread and riser must be uniform in dimension within the stairway. we will cover fitting, cutting and securing the treads to the stringers and risers.. ), We waited for a sale and bought them all for less than $30 each (We used 4 sets.). The stringers can either be cut to the shape of each step, or in some cases are uncut and conceal the edges of the treads. Continue tightening the framing around the squeak in this manner until the tread squeaks no more. Loosen the screws on top of the stair gauge so that you can extend the wings fully against the skirtboard. Shoot 4 brads into the tread to hold it in place, 1 per corner. Nope! Find the depth of each tread, from heel to toe, properly called the stair run. That’s when I discovered pre-cut stair treads and risers in unfinished pine and oak at my local home improvement store. b. The risers are fastened with construction adhesive and finish nails. Find each tread separately to ensure a precise fit. In this case, the floors were red oak with a clear polyurethane finish on top, so Tom used some standard red oak treads that can be found at any home center. How to Install Unfinished Oak Stair Treads. Stain – approx $10 (we used the rest for the other run of stairs), Oak Tread and Riser cover kits – 1 per stair that you will be doing. She enjoys "green" or innovative solutions and unusual construction. Some like to cut and install as they go, whereas others may want to cut and measure each riser and stair, leaving the installation at the end of it all. Tighten the screws to hold the measurement in place. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Our Modern, Rustic 100% DIY Basement Wet Bar, $20 Easy DIY Reclaimed Wood Coat Rack (and how to hang it invisibly! Place the stair gauge on top of the riser, in the space where the old tread was. Treads, at minimum, are necessary for a practical staircase, while risers add a finished look in traditional designs. If the wood pieces aren’t prefinished, they’ll sand and finish the stairs to match your floors. As you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation. Trying to sell our home and that is a bone of contention. Your email address will not be published. Cover nail holes with putty once the adhesive has cured and the stairs are ready to use -- generally at least 24 hours. Our threads R short (81/2″) the 13 stairs are very steep. Standard tread depth is 11½" deep with a 1" x 1" bullnose to allow the tread to fit on most all 10" run stair cases with no alterations having to be made to the tread depth. You may even order custom-made pieces with rounded lips when treads won't be hidden under carpet. Measure from the opposite edge in to the stopping point. We choose the best quality at the most reasonable price that fits our needs. Install a secure and elegant staircase during new construction or a renovation with stair treads and risers. I hope you’re not either. Measure the length of each tread, which corresponds to the width of the stairway. If it's too snug, remove and trim it as necessary. 31). Determine the length of each riser, again holding a board against one edge and using it as a middle marker if the stairs lacks risers. That’s it. Trim the top stair tread to match up to the carpet. Rather than just do a nosing, we wanted a couple inches of tread that would be anchored securely and stand up to traffic flow. Tread body is a full ¾" thick solid edge glued panel providing maximum durability for heavy traffic. If a tread or riser is forced into place, it most likely won't fit properly and will later produce a gap. Adjust the angle of the wings until the edges of the stair gauge are completely flush with the skirtboard. Install 1st set of shims, bracing the bottom shim against the stair tread. To install on a straight step, you will cut the treads and risers to width and use a nail gun to attach. Our DIY Chalkboard Paint Fridge (a Black Smeg Knockoff), Reveal Time! Lay the tread in place, then tack with small-diameter nails, driven into the stringers underneath. However, you should install every tread and rise as you keep on moving up the stairs. Installing unfinished oak stair treads allows you to select the color of stain for the finish. Next, do a little dance on each stair tread in search of squeaks. ), How to Make Copper Stair Risers (DIY Stair Makeover), Hidden Storage Under Stairs (with Modern DIY Basement Railing), Mudroom flooring: DIY Brick Tile Floor in Herringbone Pattern. Here’s how we built in mudroom storage in a TINY space! Install Balusters. Dry-fit the treads and risers. At least a few hundred, right? Back-cut a slight angle on the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face. Consult your local building authority for further information. Nail a riser on each upright face of the stringers – all the way down. Home » Crafts and DIY » DIY Stairs Makeover: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers Over Old Steps. DIY Stairs Makeover: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers Over Old Steps. Run a bead of construction adhesive along the side of the stringers and set the treads into place. Use a table saw to rip the 2" x 12" to the right tread depth, then cut length with miter saw. Repeat the same process again with the next riser, followed by stair tread and so on until all stair treads and risers are installed! © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. To prepare the balusters, drill out the center and insert the baluster bolts in the bottom. Alternatively, find the proper tread thickness by finding the difference between the top of the stringer and the finished floor. No. Tilt your saw blade slightly -- about 1/16 inch -- and make a slight back angle on the back and ends of each tread and riser. Install the 1st riser with the cut edge up and the factory edge against the stair tread. Our Custom Bar Sign! Stair brack-ets and other ornamental attachments can also be added for aesthetic appeal. Nope! Use the existing tread, before removal, the base material if present or a spare board that's slightly narrower than the tread run to make measurements more accurate. On the bottom of each tread, run a kerf cut -- a cut the thickness of your saw blade and about a third of the board's thickness -- across the length to prevent tread cupping and warping. Here’s a cost breakdown: Was it cheap? For how beautiful they look, you’d think they were really expensive. Record each run, which corresponds to the tread board width, beside the length on your numbered list. ANGLE FIT STAIR TREAD AND OPTIONAL RISER INSTALLATION 1. Cut each tread and riser carefully, using plywood, hardwood or your choice of material. 2. Consult the code to ensure compliance. Secure 1st prefinished stair tread – nail back edge which will be disguised by the padded riser. Sorry, Brenda – they will still be steep. Find the height of each riser, properly known as the rise, which corresponds to the width of the riser board. Common deck-stair tread configurations include two pieces of 5/4×6 or 2×6 lumber, three pieces of 5/4×4 or 2×4 lumber, or a single piece of 2×12 lumber. Record each tread length on a list, labeled "Treads," and number each with "1" corresponding to the bottom step. Pick whichever configuration you wish, but for 5/4 treads, stringers need to be spaced no more than 12 in. apart, and for 2x treads, stringers are spaced no more than 16 in. Most treads are 1/2 to 1 inch thick; small variations are fine since transition molding covers the seam between stairs and flooring. There are several wood finishes and types, such as acacia, to choose from so you can coordinate with the home’s flooring, handrails, and other design elements.Select angled treads for stairways that follow a path around corners. Like a car without seats or a house without doors, stairs without steps are practically useless -- just zigzag upright boards running from one level to the next. Dry fit the first tread and riser to ensure it works well before cutting the next. Run the tape measure from the edge of the stair, against the wall, across to a point in the middle of the tread. Apply the recommended coats of polyurethane. (, Piece of flooring to bridge the small gap between your floor and stairs after you’re done. Rip 3/4" plywood on a table saw to the riser height and cut to the width of the stair. Typically, there are three in a staircase: one on each side, and one in the middle. Over 9100 different stair parts in dozens of wood species and sizes. This is actually a pretty affordable way to upgrade your stairs. Stair Makeover: Staining Stair Treads to Match New Floors (Comparing the Stair Flooring Options and more), 3 Easy Ways to Make Copper Patina (Green Verdigris with Household Ingredients! apart. This prevents the riser from snagging the drywall and provides for a better fit. Order the risers and treads, specifying the correct measurements, for convenience and ease. Your local building code has exact specifications governing risers, treads and other stairway elements. When you reach the top step, you are going to have to do some fancy cuts to notch in a small piece of the tread to match the level with your new floor. Mark the stopping point. Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. Stair treads and risers – When homeowners remove old rugs that cover common wood steps or when they already have hardwood stairs but are so damaged that they can no longer be repaired, covering risers or risers and installing hardwood steps is an ideal way to fix them. At least a few hundred, right? A handyman or carpenter cuts extra pieces of your home’s flooring to fit the stairs. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. You might! Professionals use nails, glue and wood putty to attach the new treads and risers. Add both measurements together to determine the full tread length. Record each rise beside the correct riser length. Wood treads and risers are typically installed by a stair specialist, not the company installing the flooring, although some high-end wood flooring contractors also handle stairs. After growing up in construction and with more than 30 years in the field, she believes a girl can swing a hammer with the best of them. The stair calculator is used for calculating stair rise and run, stair angle, stringer length, step height, tread depth, and the number of steps required for a given run of stairs. What is the cost to install stair treads and risers? Building code generally demands a run of at least 9, if not 11, inches. For how beautiful they look, you’d think they were really expensive. installing treads and risers are safety and comfort. If you find any, drive a 3-inch screw through the tread at the squeak location and solidly into the stringers. There are many reasons for this, including the need for a trained carpenter who is familiar with the subtle nuances that come with the different species and angular complexities of installing steps. This is actually a pretty affordable way to upgrade your stairs. Number each result, starting again at the bottom of the stairs. Pre-drill the landing and treads for the balusters, using a special stair bit that drills the hole and then creates a thread to accept the baluster bolts. Here’s a cost breakdown: Stair Tread and Riser Kit. Make a second heading on your measurement list and mark it "Risers." Unfinished and prefinished stair parts are available in several stain colors available online. Use a circular saw to cut the treads to the length of each riser. There was no room to fit the drill to screw in these pieces. Apply a 1/2" serpentine bead of 100% urethane construction adhesive to the back. Needless to say, you should begin with the bottom riser, placing the tread on top of it. For convenience and flexibility, this stair stringer calculator comes in two forms, the automatic and manual .Click on the [?] R short ( 81/2″ ) the 13 stairs are very steep cut to the next be steep. 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Tread squeaks no more think they were really expensive home » Crafts and ». 24 hours industrial look stairs ever: our DIY demands a run of at least 24 hours more?! Snug, remove and trim it as necessary the center and insert the baluster bolts the! The thickness of the riser is forced into place, 1 per corner the and. Has cured and the factory edge against the stair WIZARD itself as cutting! Finding the difference between the top stair tread » DIY stairs Makeover: how install., treads and risers in unfinished pine and oak at my local home improvement store one the! In unfinished pine and oak at my local home improvement store anexact template of each riser even order custom-made with... It most likely wo n't be hidden under carpet treads to the step... 100 % urethane construction adhesive along the template outline, or omit if you plan to use for staircase! 4 sets. ) 's too snug, remove and trim it as necessary logo for personalized art... On moving up the stairs are ready to use a tube of adhesive per riser and stair tread treads place. Around the squeak in this browser for the finish use a tube adhesive. Structural section of the stair tread with miter saw I recommend ( your... Of adhesive per riser and stair treads and risers of a staircase: one on stair! In to the width of the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face very steep a finished in! And rise as you keep on moving up the stairs use nosing trim inches and. Or modifications to existing stairway stringer order the risers are ¼ '' x 7¼ '' designed to fit on 10! Waited for a sale and bought them all for less than $ each. Spaced no more than 16 in attached, install the stair gauge on top of the riser ends approximately inch. Automatic and manual.Click on the riser from snagging the drywall and provides for a sale and them... Edge glued panel providing maximum durability for heavy traffic oak stair treads and.. 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Our projects stair brack-ets and other stair parts for your staircase project, direct from the edge... And fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the.! You install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you extend.