The sea is quiet in July–August. [19] The mortality rate was about 8.7%,[20] with many more sick and disabled. It may be related to the North or Baltic Seas, as both have a history of strong summer gales. A carefully prepared visit in August 1933 to the White Sea–Baltic Canal may have hidden the worst of the brutality from a group of 120 Russian writers and artists, the so-called Writers Brigade, including Maxim Gorky, Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy, Viktor Shklovsky, and Mikhail Zoshchenko, who compiled a work in praise of the project, the 600-page The I.V. [37][38] The entire canal was constructed in twenty months, between 1931 and 1933, almost entirely by manual labor. The inflow of fresh water in spring decreases the surface salinity in the top 5–10-metre layer to 23‰ (parts per thousand) in the eastern and 26–27‰ in the western parts of the sea, reaching 10–12‰ in Dvina Bay; it also increases the content of silicon and silicates in water, which is a characteristic feature of the White Sea. The White Sea Flotilla was reestablished under the fleet in December 1945 and the White Sea Naval Base in December 1956. Once the locks of the Povenets Ladder had been destroyed, water from the watershed lakes poured freely into Lake Onega through Povenets village, which was nearly completely destroyed by the flood. [3], Storms are the strongest in October–November. It is divided between Arkhangelsk and Murmansk Oblasts and the Republic of Karelia. When Lee Scoresby was flying towards the island, he came out of a rainstorm over this … New cities and urban-type settlements developed along the route of the canal, such as Medvezhyegorsk, Segezha, Nadvoitsy. Increasing traffic overloaded the port, which relied on shallow river-waters and had limited ship-capacity. 1 to 7). It is on the northwest coast of Russia. The air bombings of the Povenets lock ladder succeeded in interrupting boat traffic on the canal only from June 28 to August 6, and then again from 13 to 24 August 1941. History. It is also the former home territory of the Harper Seal Clan and the main base of the Alpine Dark Egg Legion. The port was reinforced with a fortress which sustained a siege by the Polish-Lithuanian army in 1613. The White Sea is home to the major empires of the Shepard Isles in the south and the Dwarven Imperium in the northeast and the minor power of the Svaltain Clans The White Sea (白海, Hakukai)1 is located west of the Yellow Sea and borders the three kingdoms of Sai, Han, and Kyou. The White Sea (白海 Haku-kai?) The White Sea is the vast ocean to the West of Adarai, separating it from The Lands That Once Were. The par time defined in MAPINFO is 4:00. Its economic advantages are limited by its minimal depth of 3.5 m (11.5 ft),[citation needed] inadequate for most sea-going vessels. As of 2008, it carries only light traffic of between ten and forty boats per day. the White Sea. The White Sea (白海, Hakukai)1 is located west of the Yellow Sea and borders the three kingdoms of Sai, Han, and Kyou. While the posting stymies any chance of Ryan acting on his growing feelings for Bird , the two manage to maintain a genuine platonic friendship, which sees them lean on each other for emotional support. The canal was seemingly a small part of the agency's overall shipping business, which in 2007 amounted to 4.6 million tonnes and 155,000 passengers. Gorky, who had previously visited the Solovetski Islands labor camp in 1929 and written about it in the Soviet journal Our Accomplishments,[23] organized the White Sea trip, but did not himself join it. --BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. In the modern era it became an important Soviet naval and submarine base. She has fronted The … Genrikh Yagoda, Deputy Chairman of the OGPU, as well as Berman, Firin, Kogan, and Rappoport were awarded medals for the completion of the canal by the Politburo on July 15, 1933.[18]. The commandos were to blow up the canal locks, but they failed due to heightened security.[26]. [29] In 2011, heavy equipment for the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydro power plant was shipped from Saint Petersburg via the canal, the Arctic Sea, and the Yenisei River. This hinders water exchange between the White and Barents seas. [31], Russian (and later Soviet) naval strategists long believed that a well-designed canal system could help establish contact among the separate fleets based on Russia's Black Sea, Baltic, Arctic, Pacific, and Caspian coasts. Сталинские стройки ГУЛАГа.1930–53», Москва, 2005. It is ruled by Ranjou. White Sea. In addition to convicts and "special settlers", the Combine employed about 4500 free employees and a paramilitary security force. It is likely that at least some of the visiting writers were aware of the brutality of camp life. The canal was the first major project constructed in the Soviet Union using forced labor. Its bottom is very uneven and contains the Kandalaksha Hollow in the northwest and the Solovetsky Islands in the south. The principal tributaries of the Kuloy are the Kyolda (left), the Nemnyuga (right), and the Soyana (left). The Soviet Union presented the canal as an example of the success of the first five-year plan. The canal summit pond at 103 m elevation is 22 km (14 mi) long between locks 7 & 8. For the Turkish term Akdeniz (White Sea), see, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Filatov N., Pozdnyakov D., Johannessen M.O.,, Pettersson H.L.,, Bobylev P.L., 2005, White Sea: Its Marine Environment and Ecosystem Dynamics Influenced by Global Change, pp.174, Praxis Publishing, Springer, retrieved on 06-05-2014, Portrait of the White Sea offered by the Baltic Sea Portal. It borders Fiara in the South, Ineneland in the West and Godland in the East. [36], During World War II, in August–September 1941, the canal was used to move a number of submarines from the Baltic Fleet to the White Sea, including submarines K-3, S-101 and S-102, L-22. The horizontal axis is the length of the canal. [4], There are four main bays or gulfs on the White Sea. The route of the BBK had become the front line, separating the Finnish troops on the canal's western bank from the Soviet forces on its eastern bank. The company was fined and future operations were refused. However, small sea depths reduce the wave height to the average of 1 metre, sometimes reaching 3–5 metres. (История Карелии с древнейших времён до наших дней / Науч. Other major rivers flowing into the sea are the Vyg, Niva, Umba, Varzuga and Ponoy. While the posting stymies any chance of Ryan acting on his growing feelings for Bird , the two manage to maintain a genuine platonic friendship, which sees them lean on each other for emotional support. This inflow raises and lowers the sea level that promotes the water exchange with the Barents Sea. [2], This article is about the inlet of the Barents Sea. One of the original members of this group, Nikolai Pertsov (1924–1987), devoted his whole life to building the station and became its director in 1951. BBLAG, the Directorate of the BBK Camps, managed the construction, supplying a workforce of an estimated 100,000 convicts,[12] at the cost of huge casualties. [22] Shklovsky visited the White Sea Canal on his own rather than with the group. Deep sea (about 100 m or more) is characterised by stable temperature (−1.4 °С) and salinity (30‰). The Northern Fleet was considered secondary to the Baltic and Black sea fleets until operational responsibility for the Atlantic Ocean was shifted in … Muldrow, a WWII gunner, shot down over Tokyo, does whatever is necessary to survive; he is a man apart, thrown into a foreign land, … Until 1961, its original name was the Stalin White Sea–Baltic Canal (Belomorsko-Baltiyskiy Kanal imeni Stalina). Ryan returns in Series Five as a Junior Officer Under Training, living at Navy singles accommodation and posted to Hammersley for his first rotation. In August, the management of the BBK and most of the 800 canal staff were evacuated from Medvezhyegorsk to Lock No. During the reconstruction, the guaranteed depth of the fairway was increased to 4 meters, and the channel became part of the Unified Deep Water System of European Russia. ред. [28], The canal makes it possible to ship heavy and bulky items from Russia's industrial centers to the White Sea, and then by sea-going vessels to Siberia's northern ports. On February 2, 1950, the RSFSR Council of Ministers issued an order for the overhaul and reconstruction of the BBK's structures, with gradual electrification of the canal's structures and machinery. It is surrounded by Karelia to the west, the Kola Peninsula to the north, and the Kanin Peninsula to the northeast. Classic editor History Talk (0) Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:White Sea. On the same day, Soviet troops started demolishing canal structures. The moniker of the white does not come from ice or the snow, despite what most people think, but from the white caps off of the waves. The White Sea was a sea in Lyra's world. The White Sea Flotilla was reestablished under the fleet in December 1945 and the White Sea Naval Base in December 1956. It faithfully follows the overall plot of the original short story and is also largely faithful to the spirit of Kipling's tale, although it does not always follow it to the absolute letter. In fact, one of the contributors, Sergei Alymov, was a prisoner at the camp and editor of the camp newspaper Perekovka ("Reforging"). [13] Although prison labor camps were usually kept secret, the White Sea Canal was a propaganda showcase of convicts "reforging" themselves in useful labor (Soviet concept of perekovka, reforging or rehabilitation). Currents are rather weak in the open seas with the speed below 1 km/h, but they significantly strengthen in the bays. To the southeast, the Dvina Bay receives the Northern Dvina at the major port of Arkhangelsk. Han- The Kingdom of Han is the westernmost kingdom, known for its artisans and craftsman. The White Sea–Baltic Canal links it through Lake Onega to the Baltic Sea and the major city and port of Saint Petersburg. a sea to the northwest of Russia. The canal gave its name to the Belomorkanal Soviet cigarette brand. [14], Marshall Berman states that "The canal was a triumph of publicity; but if half the care that went into the public relations campaign had been devoted to the work itself, there would have been far fewer victims and far more development."[15]. Kiy Island in Onega Bay is significant due to a historic monastery. The White Sea is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea.It is on the northwest coast of Russia. [3], Rivers bring annually about 215 km3 of fresh water, on average, mostly to the Onega, Mezen and Dvina bays. When Lee Scoresby was flying towards the island, he came out of a rainstorm over this sea, aiming for the Barents Sea Company Depot.1 Once Upon a Time in the North [1][3] The depth distribution of water temperature is very inhomogeneous across the sea. This depth typically corresponds to river craft with deadweight cargo up to 600 tonnes, while useful sea going vessels of 2,000–3,000 dwt typically have drafts of 4.5–6 m (15–20 ft). and early in its history the Northern Fleet's first warships sailed along the canal to the White Sea from the Baltic,[34][35][25] Before World War II, the canal was used for the transfer of military vessels between the two seas on 17 occasions. This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. To the White Sea contains one of the most uncompromising narratives and most unilaterally driven protagonists every committed to paper. The station was commanded by the Rear-Admiral Commanding in the White Sea later the Senior Naval Officer, White Sea. Ice age deposits often emerge near the sea shores. The principal tributaries of the Kuloy are the Kyolda (left), the Nemnyuga (right), and the Soyana (left). Morgan Grace Kibby (born May 3, 1984), also known by the stage name White Sea, is an American actress, singer and songwriter based in Los Angeles, California. It is currently ruled by Kouko. "White Sea"). Winds are predominantly southwestern in winter with speeds of 4–8 m/s. The canal was constructed by forced labor of gulag inmates. White Sea. [6], The canal runs 227 km (141 mi), partially along several canalized rivers and Lake Vygozero. a sea to the northwest of Russia. Povenets, which had been demoted from a town to a village in the 1920s, now became a town again, and a large port. Winds are nearly constant in the White Sea. It is 235 kilometres (146 mi) long, and the area of its basin 19,000 square kilometres (7,300 sq mi). On the east side of the 'gorlo', opposite to the Kola Peninsula, is Mezen Bay. 6, 7, 8, and 9, followed the next day by Finnish troops advancing along the Finland-USSR border. These bays connect with the funnel-shaped opening to the Barents Sea via a narrow strait called "Gorlo" (Russian: Горло, meaning "throat"). MAP08: The White Sea is the eighth and final map of Bloody Steel. Speed is limited to 8 km/h (4.3 kn; 5.0 mph) in all artificial portions. At the same time, heavy fighting took place near the Povenets Lock Ladder (Locks No. Korablev, V.G.Makurov, Yu.A.Savvateev, M.I.Shumilov; Petrozavodsk, Periodika Publishers, 2001. It is surrounded by Karelia to the west, the Kola Peninsula to the north, and the Kanin Peninsula to the northeast. The settlements of Povenets, Segezha, Nadvoitsy, Sosnovets, and Belomorsk are located along the canal. There was no action near the White Sea–Baltic Canal during the Winter War of 1939-1940, when the USSR invaded Finland. The station was founded by a group of biologists from the university in 1938. (in Russian). On December 6 in a -37 °C frost, Finnish troops captured Povenets, the southern entrance to the BBK. Supposedly "reforging class enemies" (political prisoners) through "corrective labor", the working conditions at the BBK Camp were brutal, with the prisoners given only primitive hand tools to carry out the massive construction project. Transfer operations began 24 June 2003, but on 1 September a low-speed collision between Volgotanker's Nefterudovoz-57M and the Latvian Zoja-I during a transfer caused a crack in the Nefterudovoz's hull, with a subsequent oil spillage estimated at 45 t (44 long tons; 50 short tons), of which only 9 t (8.9 long tons; 9.9 short tons) were recovered. For example, in the summer of 2007, a large piece of equipment for Rosneft's Siberian Vankor Oil Field was delivered by the Amur-1516 from Dzerzhinsk on the Oka River, via the Volga–Baltic Waterway and the White Sea Canal to Arkhangelsk, and from there by the ocean-going SA-15 class Arctic cargo ship Kapitan Danilkin to Dudinka on the Yenisei River. [1] The ice is not stationary, but 90% of it is floating and is continuously removed to the Barents Sea. Paul R. Gregory, Valery Lazarev and V. V. Lazarev, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 10:21. Occasional southeastern winds bring warm air from Europe, raising the temperature to 17–19 °C and sometimes even to 30 °C. There are different ways to get to the White Sea from the Blue Sea. История строительства, The I.V. Translations . Mikoyan approved. [40], The canal system includes five hydroelectric power plants with total production capacity of 240 MW.[28]. The White Sea is one of the three great seas on Eo. [28] Tonnage remained high until 1990, then declined after the fall of the Soviet Union. The navigable channel is 36 m (118 ft) wide and 3.5 m (11.5 ft) deep, with a radius of curvature of 500 m (1,640 ft). Usage rose gradually in the 21st century, but remained well below the Soviet-era peak, with just 0.3 million tonnes in 2002. The island of Novy Odense was found here. The ships of Willoughby were separated and the other two were lost at sea, but Edward Bonaventure managed to pass the White Sea and reach Kholmogory, from where Chancellor was escorted to Moscow to meet the Russian Tsar, Ivan IV. 944 pages. A sea to the northwest of Russia. It was designed by BigMemka and uses the music track " ". The vertical axis is the elevation of the canal segments above mean sea level. MAP08: The White Sea is the eighth and final map of Bloody Steel. White Sea. The commandos were Finnish volunteers recruited by the German Major Schaller, and were equipped with German uniforms and weapons, as the Finnish General Staff wanted no responsibility for the operation. After many years of interruption, Volgotanker resumed the canal route in 2003. Wikimedia Commons has media related to White Sea: Subcategories. the White Sea. Dvina Sea; Nenets: Сэрако ямʼ, Serako yam) is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea located on the northwest coast of Russia. 7, but it did no damage. The latter term coined in an analogy with the words "krasnoarmeyets" meaning "member of the Red Army" or trudarmeyets (member of a labor army). On the night of November 12/13, another boat caravan froze in Zaonezhsky Bay near Megostrov Island, and was later captured by Finnish troops. And Godland in the West, the White Sea with the speed below 1 km/h, but failed... Canalized rivers to the white sea wiki Lake Vygozero canal empties out into the Volga–Baltic Waterway, prisoners. 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